Team GTI

Team GTI is developing our Global Transparency Index initiative which will highlight best practice in the most transparent countries and allow different countries to benchmark themselves against others. 


What’s the problem that we are helping to solve?


Most Governments around the world are encouraging their populations to become increasingly responsible for their own financial security and welfare in retirement and to take upon themselves more of the financial risks of retirement.


For that ‘risk transfer’ approach to be justified to the community and for the transition to be successful, Governments need to know whether their pensions and investment sectors are efficient and adequately transparent with consumers, particularly in relation to issues such as costs/charges, how/where monies are being invested and the true investment performance being achieved.


Financial services regulation is a complex, expensive and resource-hungry activity but new regulations often fail to achieve their full potential. There are many reasons for that. Regulators and policymakers should take more advantage of what has been done in other jurisdictions but there does not yet exist a centralised source of relevant international transparency data to facilitate the comparison, benchmarking and efficient transference of best practice that is wanted.


The Global Transparency Index is being developed precisely to solve that problem.  


Several countries have taken significant measures to drive up the level of transparency in their pensions systems and the resultant transparency achieved represents an enormous societal benefit to those countries. They have implemented good ideas that have taken a considerable amount of time, effort and money to develop and their ideas have been fine-tuned in the real world. The knowledge and understanding of what they have done will be an invaluable insight for other countries to benefit from.


Ultimately, the Global Transparency Index will include all countries around the world. It will be produced annually and the very first iteration will be focused on the levels of transparency in the pension systems of the UK, USA, Canada, Australia and the Netherlands, with the intention to expand the number of countries involved year by year.


By producing the Global Transparency Index, we are creating a powerful platform for sharing best practice that will inevitably lead to questions such as:


  • What are the most transparent countries doing that the others are not?
  • What steps did they take to be able to operate as they do now?
  • How is their transparency positively impacting their society as a whole?
  • What would be the ‘obvious key issues’ for the least transparent countries to focus on?
  • What are the obstacles preventing greater transparency from developing ‘all by itself’?
  • How can policymakers and regulators around the world develop a more standardised and harmonised approach?
  • What does the position in the ranking say about the ethics of each country?


What are the benefits of our solution?


There will be many benefits to a wide range of stakeholders. The Global Transparency Index will:


  • Provide critical evidence for regulators and governments to assess the transparency of their system in comparison with other systems, and to highlight areas of improvement for each system
  • Deliver robust evidence-based analysis to inform policy initiatives
  • Provide much better understanding of what it takes to drive disclosure in ‘the real world’
  • Shine a light on whether and how investment costs are being properly disclosed
  • Be a valuable resource for governments, regulators and market participants; helping them to identify and share pro-transparency best practice
  • Allow different countries to benchmark themselves against others
  • Help to satisfy the growing demand from consumer advocacy groups for ever-greater disclosure by financial institutions
  • Act as a catalyst in helping to restore trust and confidence in the pensions markets
  • Enable countries with robust and transparent systems to showcase what they have been doing to drive up transparency
  • Help governments to better understand whether they are achieving value for money from their extensive pensions expenditure
  • Help trustees who oversee pension funds to understand what they are paying their fund managers and other service providers to ensure they are investing their members’ funds in the most effective way
  • Enable countries wanting to improve their transparency to easily and inexpensively evaluate what other countries have successfully done
  • Support the development of efficient, effective and inexpensive regulatory initiatives
  • Provide motivation to countries to ‘raise their game’ and improve their disclosure and transparency so they do not fall too far behind the more transparent countries - we expect the ranking will create healthy competition by providing an additional incentive for each system to drive improvements in transparency
  • Provide policymakers with policy ideas and insights from around the world that they can quickly and inexpensively draw on.


What is the proposed approach?


The Global Transparency Index will be a country-by-country assessment of quantitative and qualitative research data that will form the basis of a ranking system. The countries with the most transparent pensions systems will be at the top of the list and the least transparent countries will be at the bottom. The approach is straightforward:


  • We shall research various aspects of transparency on a country-by country basis, evaluating how effectively consumers and asset owners are provided with the information they need to make decisions in a timely, easily accessible and understandable manner through regulation, laws, market practice, consumer expectations etc.
  • The research will be conducted annually, so we can see how the ‘world view’ develops over time
  • For the first year we will focus on just five countries: Australia, Canada, United Kingdom, the United States and the Netherlands, to prove the model before rolling it out elsewhere; initially to Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Germany, Hong Kong, Japan, South Africa, New Zealand, Singapore. Thereafter we will look to further expand the coverage
  • The ranking will highlight best practice but also give country-by-country recommendations for improvements. Those recommendations will be fed straight into each country’s regulators and government
  • A detailed report will be produced that will describe how each county measures up on a wide range of transparency criteria. The report will show where each country is strong and where it needs to improve across key areas such as the disclosure of fees/costs, asset allocation, performance and benefits/guarantees.  It will also cover some indicators of good governance, complaints mechanisms, the allocation of members to products and the role of financial advice in the system
  • We will focus on transparency in the workplace pensions sector initially, and become increasingly comprehensive year-by-year by including other sectors of the financial industry


Summary and next steps


The Global Transparency Index has the potential to deliver real, practical benefits to a wide range of stakeholders around the world and contribute to much better transparency in financial services. We believe this will lead to greater trust of the financial services sector as consumers will feel like they are being told the whole story.


We are looking to design and build the Global Transparency Index in such a way that it becomes a unique and invaluable resource for regulators and policymakers. In the planning stages of the Global Transparency Index we are genuinely keen to take on-board ideas and preferences from all stakeholders to optimize the value of the Index.


You can view the members in Team GTI and all our other Teams, and our Ambassadors by downloading the spreadsheet that you can access through this link; scroll to the bottom of the page.


If you would like to contribute to the discussions taking pace please connect through


Thank you!

The Great Divide

You can read the speech by  Andrew G. Haldane, FAcSS (the Bank of England's Chief Economist and Executive Director of Monetary Analysis and Statistics) that he gave on 18th May 2016 at the New City Agenda Annual dinner.


The speech is entitled The Great Divide and it is a first class explanation of why the trust deficit really matters and why it makes sense to try to do something about it.


Please click on the green button to access it; if you're not convinced of its relevance to our initiative, here's part of it:


..."The most important and compelling message the Bank received at the Open Forum came in the first session. The Bank had conducted some polling of perceptions of the financial sector – for example, by asking people what one word best described the future of financial markets. Among the Bank’s usual contacts, including those in the financial sector, the most used word was “regulated”. Many of us will have heard that message from financial insiders concerned about the perils of over-zealous regulators.


For me, the more revealing responses came from the general public, from the customers, rather than the producers, of financial services. The word most used by them when describing financial markets was a rather different one: it was “corrupt”. Not far behind were words like “manipulated”, “self-serving”, “destructive” and “greedy”. I am sure many of you have heard those messages too. They are certainly ones I have encountered frequently on my visits around the country."...


Please click the green button  below to access the full speech. If you need to read another piece first, here it is:


..."At least until recently many economists like me, when faced with this evidence, might have shrugged our shoulders. Social capital had no real role in our models of economic growth, unlike physical capital and human capital. Trust did not butter our parsnips and nor did it enter our production functions.


Recently, however, that orthodoxy has changed and the importance of trust has become clearer.


Evidence has emerged, both micro and macro, to suggest trust may play a crucial role in value creation. At the micro level, there is now ample evidence the degree of trust or social capital within a company contributes positively to its value creation capacity. 


At the macro level, there is now a strong body of evidence, looking across a large range of countries and over long periods of time, that high levels of trust and co-operation are associated with higher economic growth.


Put differently, a lack of trust jeopardises one of finance’s key societal functions – higher growth.


Those social capital effects appear to be particularly potent when it comes to financial decisions. Evidence suggests that a lack of trust leads people to retreat from the stock market and banks and to move towards cash holdings and informal sources of credit, such as payday lenders and loan sharks. That jeopardises the second key benefit of finance to society – improved risk-sharing by households and companies.


So a lack of trust in finance potentially hobbles both economic growth and financial stability.


That lack of trust is the mirror-image of the perception gap between the financial sector and wider society, the Great Divide.


The Great Divide matters because it signals a pronounced and protracted erosion of social capital. It puts finance on notice for losing its social licence. And, unaddressed, that jeopardises future wealth and well-being."...


Please click on the green button to access the full speech. If you're not yet convinced you should, here's a final snippet:


..." As a survey in 2013 of financial professionals found, rather remarkably, that over half believed their competitors engaged in illegal or unethical behaviour.  A smaller, but still high, fraction of 24% believed their own company engaged in such practices. Similar percentages believed their industry did not fulfil its fiduciary function of putting clients’ interests first.

The significance of these findings is not the precise percentages, as striking as these are.


More fundamentally, it is because of what they reveal about finance’s perception of itself, the mirror it holds to the social identity of finance."...


Click onto the button below to access the full speech; you'll be glad you did, it's profoundly thought-provoking for anybody interested in the future of the financial services industry:

If you are not already on the right page and want to read about our major international project to help rebuild trustworthiness and confidence in financial services, click on the orange button below:

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